European Center for Advanced Biomedical Research: the park, hospitals, laboratories, the university in the agricultural landscape south of the city.
2005/2008 feasibility study, urban and architectural design - 2010 PII
The European Center for Advanced Biomedical Research is a project promoted by the Cerba Foundation for the construction of a city of medicine aimed at combining clinical work, educational activities and a large post-genomic research center.
The intent is to gather around a single center of common services, some main clinical activities (in the first instance the neurological, cardiovascular and oncological institutes) in close contact with research and teaching. The Cerba was born as an evolution of the IEO (European Institute of Oncology) opened in 1995 along Via Ripamonti in areas located within the South Milan Agricultural Park. The Cerba will consist of three large interconnected parts: the medicine district, the reception campus for researchers and patients, a park open to the city. The medicine district: around the existing building of the IEO there will be 5 modular clinical institutions specialized in care and hospitalization (to complete the offer of the existing IEO, a neurosurgical institute and a cardiovascular institute will join first), a large center of post-genomic research of over 60,000 square meters, a center for basic and advanced training, a shared technological platform used both by clinics and by research and training, which will include, inter alia, an entry for proton therapy (Synchrotron ), a center for molecular imaging and a series of centralized, shared and co-managed technological and general services. The Campus, distributed around the large central park, will host: healthcare reception facilities for patients and temporary residences for their relatives, residences for researchers and paramedical staff working in the Cerba research and clinical sections and residences temporary for students and teachers of university structures. The large central park for public use, in close contact with the cultivated areas of the Milan South Agricultural Park, will consist of a large open space of approximately 32 hectares bounded by a circular path open to the public. The equipped urban park will be part of the 50% of the land area that will remain totally permeable. Research facilities, universities and clinics will appear on the park. Research, training and the clinic are the three worlds – usually separate – that CERBA relates to with evident elements of synergy: firstly by putting researchers, doctors, teachers, students and interns in close contact, and all of them with inpatient stays. Secondly, another element of optimization consists in sharing expensive machinery and equipment that can be better exploited and depreciated if used by a large number of clinical institutions and research centers. Thirdly, as a further element of non-secondary synergy, the CERBA would thus assume the role of one of the most important clinical and biomedical research centers in Europe and the world – in terms of size, prestige of the institutions that compose it, for variety of applications clinics to which it can respond – and this is a strategic element in itself in an international competition dimension to access financing, to the best intellectual resources, but also to attract students and teachers from all over the world, thus qualifying both the offer training but also clinical and research. The physical organization of the CERBA urban system is the cast of its operating system. The CERBA is centered on a central spine of modular clinics (five, each of 25,000 sq. M / s), communicating with each other and connected by the -1 level (height – 3.00 m) from a set of shared functions. Parallel to the system of clinics, between them and the urban park of the CERBA, the sequence of buildings dedicated to research extends, also connected at level -1 (- 3.00 m) by a system of common services. On via Ripamonti, next to the expansions related to the IEO, and to the northern border of the intervention area towards the city, there are the offices and services dedicated to education and teaching. The construction of the CERBA will be the occasion for the construction of a large Urban Park inside the South Milan Agricultural Park. The new park of the CERBA – privately owned but specially contracted for public use – will be 20 hectares wide, the same size as the large Milanese urban parks. The new CERBA park will be the mediation element between the city of medicine and the Milan South Agricultural Park. A large circular path covered and open to the public delimits it, guaranteeing pedestrian distribution to the various services on it. The park will be a place open to the city, a “clearing” in the great metropolitan forest. It can be reached and crossed by citizens by bicycle, but it can also be the resting place for patients, carers, doctors, researchers and Cerba service personnel.